In recent years, there has been a significant increase in research focusing on women’s health, addressing various conditions, and exploring innovative solutions to improve health outcomes. This round-up article presents an overview of the latest studies and their contributions to understanding and advancing women’s health.

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Women’s Health Research Summaries

1. Counseling Women About Sexual Health Effects of Contraceptives

Research Institution: Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

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This article investigates the relationship between contraceptive methods and female sexual function through a comprehensive review of available literature. It emphasizes the importance of considering sexual health in contraceptive prescription and management, integrating sexual health considerations into contraceptive surveillance to improve compliance and minimize unwanted pregnancies.

Conditions Addressed: Contraceptive methods, female sexual function

2. Prenatal and Postpartum Home Visits and Postpartum Contraceptive Use: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Research Institution: Emory University

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This study investigates the association between prenatal or postpartum home visits and postpartum contraceptive use using a large sample of U.S. women. The findings suggest that home visits during pregnancy or after delivery increase postpartum contraceptive use and decrease barriers to accessing postpartum care.

Conditions Addressed: Postpartum contraceptive use, prenatal care, postpartum care

3. Decisional Needs and Interventions for Young Women Considering Contraceptive Options: An Umbrella Review

Research Institution: University of Ottawa, University of Oslo, University of British Columbia, University of California, San Francisco

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This umbrella review aims to determine the decisional needs of young women considering contraceptive options and identify effective interventions to support their involvement in making decisions about contraceptive use.

Conditions Addressed: Contraceptive options, decisional needs, patient decision aids

4. Determinants of Teenage Pregnancy in Malawi: A Community-Based Case-Control Study

Research Institution: Malawi Ministry of Health, University of St Andrews

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This study identifies factors associated with teenage pregnancies in Malawi, using data from the 2015-16 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey. The study highlights the need for sustained initiatives to protect against teenage pregnancy, improve socioeconomic status, and increase contraceptive use among adolescent girls.

Conditions Addressed: Teenage pregnancy, socioeconomic factors, contraceptive use

5. Association between Age at First Birth and Long-Term Dental Caries Experience Among Women in the United States

Research Institution: Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute

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This study examines the association between age at first birth and long-term dental caries experience among U.S. women, suggesting that younger maternal age at first birth may be associated with greater dental caries experience.

Conditions Addressed: Dental caries, maternal age, reproductive health

6. Factors Affecting Postpartum Bone Mineral Density in a Clinical Trial of Vitamin D Supplementation

Research Institution: Medical University of South Carolina

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This study evaluates the effects of vitamin D status and supplementation on postpartum bone mineral density, considering factors such as BMI, race/ethnicity, and physical activity.

Conditions Addressed: Postpartum bone mineral density, vitamin D supplementation

7. Imaging Phenotypic Differences in Multiple Sclerosis: At the Crossroads of Aging, Sex, and Race

Research Institution: Mayo Clinic

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This review explores sex and hormone differences in imaging biomarkers of multiple sclerosis, discussing how therapies aimed at altering sex hormones can impact imaging of MS over the lifespan.

Conditions Addressed: Multiple sclerosis, neuroimaging, sex differences

8. Understanding How Space Travel Affects the Female Reproductive System to the Moon and Beyond

Research Institution: University of Central Florida, University of South Florida, NASA Ames Research Center

Link: Read More

This review explores the impact of space travel on female reproductive health, examining the effects of spaceflight on reproductive potential, fertility, implantation, and pregnancy.

Conditions Addressed: Female reproductive health, space travel, reproductive endocrinology

9. Improving Care Beyond Birth: A Qualitative Study of Postpartum Care After High-Risk Pregnancy

Research Institution: University of California, San Francisco

Link: Read More

This qualitative study explores the experiences of high-risk pregnant and postpartum individuals, identifying barriers to primary care engagement and emphasizing the need for improved care coordination.

Conditions Addressed: Postpartum care, high-risk pregnancy, primary care

10. Epidemiological and Clinical Profile of Vulvovaginitis at the University Clinics of Kisangani City (Tshopo Province), Democratic Republic of the Congo

Research Institution: University of Kisangani

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This study examines the epidemiological and clinical approach to vulvovaginitis at the University Clinics of Kisangani, highlighting the need for further research and education on prevention and management.

Conditions Addressed: Vulvovaginitis, gynecological infections

11. Associations of Epigenetic Age Estimators With Cognitive Function Trajectories in the Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study

Research Institution: Women’s Health Initiative, University of California, San Diego

Link: Read More

This study examines the associations of epigenetic age estimators with cognitive function in older women, suggesting that higher DunedinPACE may help identify women at risk of future cognitive decline.

Conditions Addressed: Epigenetic age estimators, cognitive function, Women’s Health Initiative

12. Correlation of Self-Efficacy for Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercise with Symptoms of Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women

Research Institution: Complutense University of Madrid, University of Alcala, University of Valencia

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This study determines the relationship between self-efficacy for pelvic floor exercise and symptom severity in women with stress urinary incontinence.

Conditions Addressed: Pelvic floor muscle exercise, stress urinary incontinence, self-efficacy

13. Insights into Screening: A Quantitative Study on Exploring the Impact of Pap Smear Analysis on Women’s Health

Research Institution: SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute

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This study investigates the prevalence of cervical cytology abnormalities and their association with age among women in Chennai, emphasizing the importance of regular cervical cancer screening.

Conditions Addressed: Cervical cytology, cervical cancer screening, Pap smear analysis

14. Beyond the Numbers: Classifying Contributory Factors and Potentially Avoidable Adverse Events in the Gynaecology Service of National Women’s Health at Auckland District Health Board

Research Institution: National Women’s Health, Auckland District Health Board

Link: Read More

This study identifies factors contributing to adverse events in gynecology services and examines their potential avoidability, proposing recommendations for improving patient care.

Conditions Addressed: Adverse events, gynecology, patient safety

15. Promoting Sleep Health During Pregnancy for Enhancing Women’s Health: A Longitudinal Randomized Controlled Trial Combining Biological, Physiological, and Psychological Measures

Research Institution: University of Bologna, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

Link: Read More

This study protocol outlines a randomized controlled trial testing the long-term effectiveness of a digital psychoeducational intervention for insomnia in expectant mothers.

Conditions Addressed: Pregnancy, sleep health, psychoeducational intervention

16. PACAP-38 and Sex Hormones in Women with Migraine: Exploratory Analysis of a Cross-Sectional Matched Cohort Study

Research Institution: Humboldt University of Berlin, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Link: Read More

This study investigates the relationship between female sex hormones and PACAP-38 concentrations in women with migraine, aiming to elucidate hormonal influences on PACAP dynamics and migraine pathophysiology.

Conditions Addressed: Migraine, PACAP-38, sex hormones

17. Beyond the Diagnosis: Gender Disparities in the Social and Emotional Impact of Cancer

Research Institution: University of São Paulo, Brazil

Link: Read More

This article explores gender differences in the social impact of cancer, highlighting the psychological adjustment, sexual intimacy challenges, and marital dynamics faced by cancer patients.

Conditions Addressed: Cancer, gender disparities, social impact

18. Special Report: Entrustable Professional Activities in Sex- and Gender-Based Women’s Health

Research Institution: Yale School of Medicine, Society of General Internal Medicine

Link: Read More

This report develops entrustable professional activities (EPAs) to support implementation and assessment of clinical care for SGIM’s SGWH Core Competencies in internal medicine residencies.

Conditions Addressed: Women’s health education, clinical care, EPAs

Women’s Health Research Overview

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